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Historical and Cultural Context

December – February: 3.0 Historical and Cultural Context
Understanding the Historical Contributions and Cultural Dimensions of Music

Students analyze the role of music in past and present cultures throughout the world, noting cultural diversity as it relates to music, musicians, and composers.

Second Grade:
Role of Music

  • 3.1 Identify the uses of specific music in daily or special events.

Diversity of Music

  • 3.2 Sing simple songs and play singing games from various cultures.
  • 3.3 Describe music from various cultures.

Third Grade:
Role of Music

  • 3.1 Identify the uses of music in various cultures and time periods.

Diversity of Music

  • 3.2 Sing memorized songs from diverse cultures.
  • 3.3 Play memorized songs from diverse cultures.
  • 3.4 Identify differences and commonalities in music from various cultures.

Fourth Grade:
Role of Music

  • 3.1 Explain the relationship between music and events in history.

Diversity of Music

  • 3.2 Identify music from diverse cultures and time periods.
  • 3.3 Sing and play music from diverse cultures and time periods.
  • 3.4 Compare musical styles from two or more cultures.
  • 3.5 Recognize the influence of various cultures on music in California.

Fifth Grade:
Role of Music

  • 3.1 Describe the social functions of a variety of musical forms from various cultures and time periods (e.g., folk songs, dances).

Diversity of Music

  • 3.2 Identify different or similar uses of musical elements in music from diverse cultures.
  • 3.3 Sing and play music from diverse cultures and time periods.
  • 3.4 Describe the influence of various cultures and historical events on musical forms and styles.
  • 3.5 Describe the influences of various cultures on the music of the United States.

Sixth Grade:
Role of Music

  • 3.1 Compare music from two or more cultures of the world as to the functions the music serves and the roles of musicians.
  • 3.2 Listen to and describe the role of music in ancient civilizations (e.g., Chinese, Egyptian, Greek, Indian, Roman).

Diversity of Music

  • 3.3 Describe distinguishing characteristics of representative musical genres and styles from two or more cultures.
  • 3.4 Listen to, describe, and perform music of various styles from a variety of cultures.
  • 3.5 Classify by style and genre a number of exemplary musical works and explain the characteristics that make each work exemplary.

Seventh Grade:
Role of Music

  • 3.1 Compare music from various cultures as to some of the functions music serves and the roles of musicians.
  • 3.2 Identify and describe the development of music during medieval and early modern times in various cultures (e.g., African, Chinese, European, Islamic, Japanese, South American).

Diversity of Music

  • 3.3 Identify and describe distinguishing characteristics of musical genres and styles from a variety of cultures.
  • 3.4 Perform music from diverse genres and cultures.
  • 3.5 Identify instruments from a variety of cultures visually and aurally.
  • 3.6 Classify by style and genre exemplary musical works and explain the characteristics that make each work exemplary.

Eighth Grade:
Role of Music

  • 3.1 Compare and contrast the functions music serves and the place of musicians in society in various cultures.
  • 3.2 Identify and explain the influences of various cultures on music in early United States history.
  • 3.3 Explain how music has reflected social functions and changing ideas and values.

Diversity of Music

  • 3.4 Compare and contrast the distinguishing characteristics of musical genres and styles from a variety of cultures.
  • 3.5 Perform music from diverse genres, cultures, and time periods.
  • 3.6 Classify exemplary musical works by style, genre, and historical period and explain why each work is considered exemplary.